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Plastics and Acrylics

(April 2017) posted on Tue Apr 11, 2017

Choosing the right materials for the job.

By Chris and Kathi Morrison

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Plexiglas, a brand name of acrylic, is one of 10 or so acrylic trademarks. In the plastic trade, it’s known as poly-methyl methacrylate (often called “poly” or “PMMA”), a transparent thermoplastic with many uses, but commonly fabricated as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass. It’s scratch resistant, resilient and offered in numerous colors and thicknesses. Block acrylic, unframed letters comprise thick acrylic that’s been CNC routed with channels to house LED lamps for internal illumination. Product information on such signs tells of the innovative appearance, but what we read doesn’t mention they’re probably only suitable for indoor use. The surface mounting without framework allows weather and bugs to invade the LED light channels.

Polycarbonate is sometimes compared to acrylic, but the two have distinct differences. Acrylic has more surface shine, is less expensive, is up to eight times stronger than untempered glass and, unfortunately, easy to crack. Polycarbonate is more expensive and scratches more easily, but is impact resistant and 200 times stronger than untempered glass. And, it can be vacuum formed or cold bent. Odds are, your motorcycle windshield is polycarbonate.

Polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG) is a clear, high-gloss, impact-resistant and vacuum-thermoformable thermoplastic polymer created through the copolymerization of PET and ethylene glycol; it’s used commercially to manufacture beverage bottles. In flat sheets, it is said to fabricate nicely. It also responds to cutting, drilling, bending, routing and polishing and can be screenprinted or imaged with UV-cure inks on a flatbed digital printer. It is not recommended for outdoor use.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sign media is popular for many types of sign substrates and is offered in flat sheets, air-expanded sheets (that form types of foamboard) or as flexible, adhesive-backed vinyl. Flat PVC is easily cut, transported and installed, but is recommended for indoor applications.

We’re not guaranteeing this is all, but, as you can see from our brief list, plastic-based sign media offer a wealth of choices. For standard sign work, most plastic substrates are less expensive than other substrates, may not require priming or finish work and can provide an innovative or unique appearance. This recap is merely the tip of the “possibilities” iceberg, particularly if you consider such special uses as thermoformed signs.

Block Acrylic
By A&C Plastics Inc.

By Palram Americas

Playboard® Polycarve
By Vycom

By Evonik

By Plaskolite

King ColorCore®
By King Plastic Corp.


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